This type of motor is designed to operate with the start winding and it’s series capacitor permanently connected to the supply. lt has two capacitors connected in parallel in the start winding circuit for starting purposes. The running capacitor is employed to correct the power factor. As a result, this motor has a higher starting torque as well as a higher efficiency. These motors are employed in sizes ranging from 375 W to 7.5 kW. The power factor of these motor is upto 80% to 100%.
The maximum power transfer theorem states that the DC voltage source will deliver maximum power to the variable-load resistor only when the load resistance is equal to the source resistance. Similarly, this theorem states that the AC voltage source will deliver maximum power to the variable complex load only when the load impedance is equal to the complex conjugate of the source impedance.
Hence when Ri = RL the transfer of power will be maximum.
Atoms or ions with unpaired electrons are attracted to a magnetic field; the more unpaired electrons, the greater is the attraction. Such substances are called paramagnetic. Molecular oxygen is a paramagnetic gas by virtue of its two unpaired electrons.