The difference in level between points of supports and the lowest point on the conductor is called sag.
When the conductor is suspended between two supports at some level, it takes the shape of a catenary. However, if the sag is very small compared with the span, then the sag-span curve is like a parabola.
The tension at any point on the conductor acts tangentially. Thus tension To at the lowest point O acts horizontally.
The most common type of floodlight is the metal-halide lamp, which emits a bright white light (typically 75-100 lumens/Watt). Sodium-vapor lamps are also commonly used for sporting events because they imitate daylight conditions, and colors appear natural.
They have a very high lumen-to-watt ratio (typically 80-140 lumens/Watt), making them a cost-effective choice when certain lux levels must be provided.
While estimating the overhead lines, the first and last pole is always earth connected and after every 3rd electrical pole, the fourth pole is earthed. Therefore, the approximate number of required ground set = 4
The rotor of the synchronous machine carries a field winding that is supplied with d.c. through two slip rings by a separate d.c. source. Synchronous Rotor construction is of two types, namely :
Salient (or projections) pole type.
Cylindrical type (or non-salient pole type)
In this type, salient poles are mounted on a large circular steel frame which is fixed to the shaft of the alternator.
The rotors of salient-pole rotor machines have concentrated winding on the poles and a nonuniform air gap.
Salient pole generators have a large number of poles. sometimes as many as 50, and operate at lower speeds.
The synchronous generators in hydroelectric power stations are of the salient pole type and are driven by water turbines.
The rotors are shorter axial length but have a large diameter.
When two alternating quantities of the same frequency have different zero points, they are said to have a phase difference. The angle between zero points is the angle of phase difference φ.
In the above-given question, the frequency of voltage and current is different so we can’t calculate the phase difference between them