For the given network the potential at point a can be found by applying KVL.
For loop 1
Va = E1 − I1R1
Va = I3R3
For loop 2
Va = E2 − I2R2
Indian Electricity Rules specify that the maximum load on a light/fan sub-circuit should not exceed 800 watts and the number of points should be limited to 10.
Hence for light load number of sub-circuit = 3000/800 = 3.75 = 4
Indian Electricity Rules specify that the maximum load on a power sub-circuit should not exceed 3000 watts and the number of outlets should be limited to two.
For the power sub-circuit load number of sub-circuit = 6000/3000 = 2
Total subcircuit = 4 + 2 = 6
The maximum power transfer theorem states that the DC voltage source will deliver maximum power to the variable-load resistor only when the load resistance is equal to the source resistance. Similarly, this theorem states that the AC voltage source will deliver maximum power to the variable complex load only when the load impedance is equal to the complex conjugate of the source impedance.
Hence when Ri = RL the transfer of power will be maximum.
Neon-lamp holders A lot of industrial electronic equipment uses neon lamps to indicate when they have been energized from the mains. If the lamp fails to glow, it means something is wrong with the supply circuit, the equipment, or the indicator itself. The neon lamps used are quite small and housed in holders 5 mm to 10 mm in diameter.
The coasting period is from T3 to T4 i.e, from C to D. At the instant, the power supply to the motor will be cut off and the speed falls on account of friction, windage resistance, etc. During this period, the train runs due to the momentum attained at that particular instant. The rate of the decrease of the speed during the coasting period is known as coasting retardation.
Lap Winding:-In a lap winding the number of parallel paths (a) is always equal to the number of poles (p) and also to the number of brushes. In the given question number of poles is 4 hence the number of brushes will be 4.
Wave Winding:- In wave windings, the number of parallel paths (a) is always two and there may be two or more brush positions.