Bus Type - Known Parameter - Unknown Parameter
Load Bus -P, Q - V, phase angle
Generator Bus - P, V (magnitude) - Q, Voltage phase angle
Slack Bus Voltage - magnitude and phase angle - P, Q
Z = √(L/C)
C = L/Z²
C = 50*10⁻⁹/(50*50)
C = 0.02 nF
C = 20 pF
For small turbine starts generating power 12.6 kph (3.5 m/s) is the typical cut-in speed.
At 36–54 kph (10–15 m/s) produces maximum generation power.
At 90 kph (25 m/s) maximum, the turbine is stopped or braked.
Carrier current over the power line provides simultaneous tripping of circuit breakers at both ends of the line in one to three cycles.
Thereby high-speed fault clearing is obtained, which improves the power system stability.
The auto-reclosing simultaneous reclosing signal is sent thereby simultaneous (1 to 3 cycles) reclosing of the circuit breaker is obtained.
For simultaneous faults, carrier-current protection provides easy discrimination.
As per answer key "pilot protection" is true but there is mistake the right answer is "none".