Sudden changes of load on synchronous motors may sometimes set up oscillations that are superimposed upon the normal rotation, resulting in periodic variations of a very low frequency in speed. This effect is known as hunting or phase-swinging.
Susceptance is symbolized by the capital letter B. It is the reciprocal of AC reactance. Susceptance, like reactance, can be either capacitive or inductive. In the case of a magnetic field, the susceptance is inductive. In the case of an electric field, the susceptance is capacitive. Capacitive susceptance is symbolized BC and inductive susceptance is symbolized BL. In the case of a magnetic field, the susceptance is inductive. In the case of an electric field, the susceptance is capacitive. Inductive susceptance is assigned negative imaginary number values, and capacitive susceptance is assigned positive imaginary number values.
The formula for inductive susceptance is
The unit of Inductive susceptance is Siemen or Mho.
The hexadecimal number system is also called base-16, a numeration system in which all numbers are represented using the symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, and F only. The system is base of 16. The hexadecimal numbers are used to represent binary numbers because of ease of conversion and compactness.
Voltage regulation:- When a transmission line is carrying current, there is a voltage drop in the line due to resistance and inductance of the line. The result is that the receiving end voltage (VR) of the line is generally less than the sending end voltage (Vs). This voltage drop (Vs − VR) in the line is expressed as a percentage of receiving end voltage VR and is called voltage regulation.
The difference in voltage at the receiving end of a transmission line between conditions of no-load and full-load is called voltage regulation and is expressed as a percentage of the receiving end voltage. Mathematically,
% Voltage regulation = (Vs − VR) ⁄ VR × 100
Obviously, it is desirable that the voltage regulation of a transmission line should be low i.e., the increase in load current should make very little difference in the receiving end voltage. In the transmission line, the voltage regulation is negative whenever the receiving end voltage VR is Greater than the sending end voltage.
The regulation will depend upon the power factor of the load. If the power factor is lagging, the voltage at the sending end is more than that at the receiving end. Hence, voltage regulation is positive. On the other hand, if the power factor is leading, the voltage at the sending end will be somewhat less than that at the receiving end. In that case, the regulation is negative.