A P-N junction acts as a voltage-controlled switch. During forward biasied the p-n junction diode acts like an ON switch. When reverse biased, it acts like an OFF switch.
According to Kirchhoff’s law states that the current entering a node is always equal to the current leaving a node.
From the above Diagram
Current Flowing towards the Point: I1, I2, I6
Current Flowing Away from the Point: I3, I4, I5
Hence I1 + I2 + I6 = I3 + I4+ I5
The steady direct current distributes itself uniformly over the whole section of a conductor but the alternating current does not distribute uniformly rather than it tends to concentrate near the surface of a conductor. In fact in the AC system, no current flows through the core and the entire current is concentric at the surface regions. This phenomenon is called skin effect.
The skin effect causes the effective resistance of the conductor to increase with the frequency of the current. The skin effect is due to eddy currents set up by the AC current. The skin effect has practical consequences in the design of radiofrequency and microwave circuits and to some extent in AC electrical power transmission and distribution systems.
The wattage rating for a ceiling fan motor is in the range of 50 to 150 W. if the ceiling Fans size ranges from 36 inches to 56 inches then the total wattage use is 55 to 100 watts.. A 48-inch ceiling fan will use 75 watts.